Pipelaying Procedures for a Successful Water Supply System

June 30, 2017

pipe lying

Water supply systems are taken for granted in developed nations. If you twist a tap, there it is, pouring into your sink as clean water. Outside your home, the channels that convey that life-sustaining liquid are buried in trenches. Let's check out the pipe laying procedures that must be mastered before your clean water supply can be safely installed underground.

Demystifying Subterranean Water Supplies

When viewed by a novice, a network of water pipes seems straightforward. Pipes are situated in an open trench, they're coupled to a structure's plumbing system, and the water flows. In reality, however, this simplified point of view doesn't account for the many engineering challenges that must be solved before the trench can be closed. Above ground, there's metering equipment, pumps, and pressure reduction valves to incorporate into the mains connection. As for the excavation work, the exposed trench work accounts for ground types, any structural hindrances, and a host of other work-hampering factors.

Water Supplies: Pipe Laying Fundamentals

After all other services have been cable traced and marked, the trench is opened. Perhaps the work is done manually, but a backhoe digger is far likelier. The narrow dirt channel is cleared of obstructions, both natural and man-made, then a layer of bedding material is spread along the bottom of the trench. Contemporary water supply pipes are fabricated from flexible plastics, but a successful installation procedure still strives to maximise unobstructed conduit throughput, so the sandy base should properly support the pipework. Designed to resist substantial amounts of fluid deflection, PVC and PE (Polyethylene) pipes are the twin subterranean standard, one that replaces corroded metal pipes.

Water Mains Trenching: Regulation Compliance

Depending on where this operation is taking place, different national guidelines will direct the pipe laying procedures. The diameter of that polymer-reinforced pipe, for example, dictates trench width and depth, although the trench should be wide enough to accommodate the joining equipment. After the bedding and pipes are situated, a series of couplings marry the lengths. Incidentally, before addressing that procedure, check each pipe contact point for foreign matter. Finally, and perhaps most importantly, a joining machine makes a waterproof, pressure-resistant coupling between each pipe section. Pressure tested and inspected, the backhoe fills the water supply trench with backfill.

In order to get such a fundamental service into every occupied home, every office, and every public access structure, a series of complicated engineering challenges require solving. The type of pipe, the width and depth of the trench, the bedding material and backfill process, all of these stages must be properly addressed if the pipe laying procedure is to successfully lay your water supply connection.

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