Trenching and Loading Tips for Excavator Operators

October 13, 2020

The excavation process entails the act of moving earth, rock, and other materials from the ground by utilising different sets of tools and equipment. Numerous applications such as mining, construction, environmental restoration, and exploration maximise excavation as part of their primary objectives. As conditions surrounding the excavation site can be dangerous at times, operating the tools and equipment needed for the whole process must be done competently and professionally.

Two activities that are typically done during excavation works are trenching and loading of materials. Trenching or digging a site to set up and make trenches is crucial for the placement of utility lines and major infrastructure components. Loading of excavated materials and transferring them to another location are likewise helpful in clearing the site for further excavation-related works.

For safe and efficient trenching and loading operations, here are some helpful tips that excavator operators can keep in mind and follow. 

Trenching Tips

One of the most important tips when it comes to trenching is to set everything up. An initial trenching setup allows you to be free from harm and danger as you go with the actual trenching process. Determining the place where your spoil pile and bedding material will go is important to make the process organised. Marking areas with paint lines or string lines is also crucial to set up your reference points for excavation and trenching. Doing these things will ensure you fast and safe trenching procedures.

Once everything is set, then you should start the digging process on your initially set paint lines or marked paths. Make sure to align your equipment to these marks to avoid future conflict. If you are working on dangerous terrain, then you may want to use some support tools that will assist and guide you in every aspect of the trenching operation. These tools can likewise check your progress as you operate. And to make your excavation effective, you may want to try to dig over front idlers. 

Another tip that you may want to follow is to keep the area in and around the trench clean. An area that is free from debris can prevent trucks from backing over and further scattering the debris as they carry out loading procedures. All the spoils that you may excavate during the trenching process must be placed in the most suitable locations. Typically, your spoil pile must be at least 2 feet away from the trench.

Loading Tips

When it comes to loading operations, you must make sure first that the attachment used for your excavator has the correct size for the loading task. You must determine the maximum capacity of the materials that you intend to load and move. 

At this point, the bench height of your equipment must be close to the height of the sideboards of the truck. Additionally, the haul truck must be placed in a location that will not force it to have unnecessary round trips around the site. Safety, likewise, must be prioritised all the time. This can be done by utilising mirrors or cameras to check and see any overhead or underground obstacles and concerns. You must also not swing the bucket or load over the people on the site. 

Authorities have trenching and loading requirements that must be thoroughly considered. Inspections, access and egress, and other rules and regulations must be followed for safety operations.

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